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2014年6月英语四级听力答案汇总,2011年12月英语四级考试答案汇总

  【短对话总评】

■ 宋佳 整理

  本次土耳其(Turkey卡塔尔国语四级听力短对话总体难度拾分,首要考试的场所仍旧集中在对日常生活的知晓上。少年老成共8
题,在那之中第1题调查事实细节,3、4、6是对句子内涵的通晓,2和5个别是对地点和原因的推理,7、8是对真相细节的预计。大家在做听力时,不要纠葛在风度翩翩多少个生词上,必须求留意把握对话人的隐含义,本事做出确切测算。

Part I WritingNothing Succeeds Without a Strong Will Nothing runs
smoothly in our life. To achieve things successfully, a strong will is
essential. Life is like a Marathon. Many people can’t get to the
terminal. This is not because they are lack of vitality but because
their will of success is not strong enough. To take quitting smoking as
an example, some regard it as a piece of cake. They make up their minds
to quit it in the morning, but in the evening they feel that the smell
of cigarettes is tempting. Their throats are sore, their mouths are
thirsty, and their hands are shaking. After the painful mental struggle,
they tell themselves that “One cigarette is enough. Just take one, and
the next day I will quit it.” By doing this, they surrender to their
weak will. In the end, they have quitted smoking “a hundred times”, but
in no time they succeed. Just like quitting smoking, nothing succeeds
without a strong will. To be successful in one’s life, a strong will
means that you know where you go and you will persist on the road you
choose. Undoubtedly success belongs to those who overcome their weak
will and who hang in there until the last minute.Nothing Succeeds
Without a Strong Will As we have read from above, quitting-smoking seems
easy, but in reality it is rarely achieved. There is something provoking
and interesting in this paradox, just because sword does not wear the
stone as dripping water does. The ability to do something over and over
again in a short time may imply its easiness, but in a long run, a
lifetime maybe, things turn out to be quite the opposite. Also, as is
often the case, one may have obtained all the tools and opportunities to
achieve something, but in the end they still fail due to the will
shortage. So how could we avoid the dilemma? Here is the prime condition
of success: will and perseverance. Concentrate you energy, thought and
mind exclusively on the business in which you are engaged, hang on in
there and be patient, for, as Emerson put it, no one can cheat you out
of your ultimate success but yourself.

  答案及难词解释:

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)1.A) sticks to them
in their daily life第生龙活虎题的答案就在全文第一句。关键词是not only…. But
also…. ,关键句是The key to integrity is consistency–not only setting
high personal standards for oneself (honesty, responsibility, respect
for others, fairness) but also living up to those standards each day.
这里的live up to 和 选项里的 stick to 归属同后生可畏替换。2.C) It is the basis
of mutual trust关键词是personal and professional,关键句是Trust is
essential in any important relationship, whether personal or
professional. Who can trust someone who is dishonest or unfair? Thus,
integrity must be one of our most important
goals.结合紧接着的问句,我们非常轻易锁定trust这一个选项。3.A. To ensure we
make responsible choices.关键词是identify the risks,关键句是Making
ethical decisions is a critical part of avoiding future problems. We
must learn to recognize risks, because if we can’t see the risks we’re
taking, we can’t make responsible choices. 所以答案很显眼是A。4.B. it is
claimed to be unintentional.关键词是misconduct,关键句是But the fact
that such a violation is “unintentional” does not excuse the misconduct.
和原作意义中度大器晚成致的,便是以此unintentional。因而答案是:B. it is
claimed to be unintentional.5.A. Avoid making excuses.关键词是fool
oneself,关键句是To avoid fooling yourself, watch out for excuses and
try this test这里的watch out for 和
选项里的avoid归属同生机勃勃替换。所以答案是A。6.C. value immediate benefits
most.关键词是regret later,关键句是Those who take risks they later
regret usually focus on immediate benefits (“what’s in it for
me”)。很分明,选项 value immediate benefits most 是不错答案。这里的value
和 focus on 归于同大器晚成替换。7.A) pay more dearly关键词是get
caught,关键句是Those who don’t get caught pay an even higher price.
这里的higher price 和抉择里的more dearly
归属同生机勃勃替换。所以答案是A。8.steal a grade关键词:care about关键句:I’m
not interested in what you’re trying to teach; all I care about is
stealing a grade, regardless of the effect on others.”9.honesty and good
faith最主要词是rely on,关键句是We must rely on the honesty and good faith
of others every day.10.the Watergate scandal至关心重视要词是political and
economic leaders,关键句是Watergate, have undermined the faith of many
Americans in the integrity of political and economic leaders and society
as a whole.

  1. B .Use a ladder to help her reach the tea。

Part III Listening ComprehensionSection A11.B) Go and ask the
staff.那是生机勃勃道真实景况细节题。从对话中可以看到,女士搞不清楚列车时刻表,男人建议他去购票窗口咨询。ticket
window领票窗口。12.A) He fell asleep in the middle of the 电视program.那是道推理剖断题,调查男士的言下之意以致设想语气。could have
done意为本得以做有些事,但未做。从对话中可以见到,男生确实回家看了TV节目,但是他说道:I
wish I could have stayed awake long enough to see the whole thing.
作者真希望团结马上能再晚点睡着,那样作者就可以看完半场节目了。表明他从未看完全场节目就睡着了。13.B)
She is worried about missing her
flight.那是道场景题,略有难度。刚起头,大家还不能连忙推断出该对话发生的光景,比非常多同桌风姿浪漫听到airport也许会误感觉对话发生在飞机场,但风姿浪漫旦咱们世袭听下去,就能够意识,该对话应该生出在地铁的里面,因为女孩子说了句“请接收最快的路”,而男生说“因为有球赛,所以随处都交通拥堵”可以扶持我们再一次肯定对话产生的情状。选项A不对,原来的作品是说要挑the
fastest way哪怕不是the most direct
way;选项C也不许确,才刚上车,并从未拥挤,司机只是提前证实因为球赛会凌驾拥堵;选项D错误,女士是为了赶去乘飞机的,并不是去看球赛。14.A)
At a
restaurant那是道场景题,较为轻松。从对话中可见,女士愿意向先生推荐黄金时代道菜,从首句中就可以测算出该对话最有希望产生在茶楼中,汉子说,他过敏,不吃贝壳类海鲜,能够帮助我们再度明确对话产生的情景。15.A)
He is being interviewed for a job.那是较为简单的细节推理题。 从position,
company这些重大词中,我们就可以长足决断出此题的场合为面试,因而男人应该正在经受一场合试。
C选项错误,他想要贩卖经营的岗位,但并不意味着他自个儿正是发卖经营。16.B) The
man is unlikely to move out of the
dormitory.那是演绎剖断题,询问女人的言下之意。最终一句,女士代表“你改动主意的话,笔者不会感觉奇异”,可以预知,男生不太也许搬出宿舍。A选项是个干扰项,固然该选项看上去意思和B选项大约,但对话中并从未提到男子想找叁个更心和气平的地点,他想搬离寝室,是为了更加的多的个人空间。17.D)
The woman is going to make her topic more
focused.那是演绎剖断题。从对话中可以预知,男士希望女人裁减宗旨的限制,女士应对“你是对的。”表明女生会接受汉子的提出,降低主旨。18.B)
They didn’t quite enjoy their last
picnic.那是演绎推断题。beat意气风发词是个难题,beat本意有“战胜”的意趣,此番的野餐克制了上次,即此次比上次好,下文中,男士说“上次大家一定要呆在房间里,但此番天气不错。”能够再次分明他们不爱好上次的野餐,因而,准确答案为B。Conversation
One19. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?B卡塔尔国He
prefers hot weather to cold
weather.本题为猜想题。依据文章大要可估计得出。整篇文章中,分别有两处暗指音信,风流倜傥处是男子说,“Swedish
people always complain that when they visit England, the houses are cold
even in the good
winter.”,意大利人在九冬去拜候英格兰时,会抱怨英格兰平常的温度太冷。另大器晚成处是先生在提起冬辰天气时,说道:“It
is sometimes a bit
depressing.”长日子严寒的天气令人心酸。由此可猜想得出,男生更赏识hot
weather,热天气。所以,答案为:He prefers hot weather to cold
weather.20. What do Swedish people complain about when they visit
England in winter?B卡塔尔The cold
houses.对话中,超过生介绍瑞典王国的极寒天气时,提及若是穿暖,出门很暖,而房间里更暖和,为了重申这一意见,男子继续说道:“Swedish
people always complain that when they visit England, the houses are cold
even in the good
winter.”说是比利时人在冬季去拜会苏格兰时,会抱怨英格兰常温太冷。所以,答案为:The
cold houses.21. How does the man describe the short hour of daylight
around 克赖斯特mas in Sweden?C卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)Depressing.女士问:“And what about the
darkness?”男生答道:“around Christmas time there’s only one hour of
daylight, so you really looks forward to the
spring.”临近圣诞节的时候,每日唯有生机勃勃钟头为白天,所以大家都特别惊羡春季,希望仲春快点到来。然后,进一层重申性地评价道:“It
is sometimes a bit
depressing.”有的时候候真有一点点令人愁肠。因而,本题答案为:Depressing.22. What
does the man say about the Swedish people?B卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)They work hard and play
hard.男子在聊起瑞典王国的极昼天气时,器重谈了美国人在极昼天气的办事情景,并一发对葡萄牙人的办事习贯进行了商酌。男子说道:“They’d
like to work hard, but play hard,
too.”洋人既可以在干活时极力干活,又能在能玩时拼命玩。所以,本题答案为:They
work hard and play hard.Conversation Two23. What was the man’s major at
university?B卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎French.细节题。在次轮对话中,女士问,“what was your
educational background?”你是怎么着教育背景,男生回答说:“I did a degree in
French at Nottingham.”
笔者在诺丁汉大学读书了保加利亚共和国(The Republic of Bulgaria卡塔尔语学位,所以男人的正规是French。24. What was the
man’s job in secondary schools?C卡塔尔国careers guidance.细节题。在说罢“I did
a degree in French at Nottingham.”之后,男子又接着说“After that, I did
careers guidance in secondary schools.”由此,此题的答案应该为:careers
guidance。25. What attracted the man to Nottingham University?B)Its
pleasant environment.细节题。女士问:“Is there any reason why you went
to Nottingham
University?”你去诺丁汉大学是由于什么原因?匹夫在答应中提起,诺丁汉是自己心目理想大学之黄金时代。紧接着她就说道:“And
I like the look of it.”还越发补充表达道(Mingdao卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar):“ The campus is just
beautiful.
”因而,男生是因被其温婉情况所诱惑而接受去诺丁汉高校。所以,本题的答案为:Its
pleasant environment.

  点评:事实细节题,首要听先生的观点Why don’t you use the ladder.
strain v。表示拉伸,扭伤 strain your shoulder 拉伤肩部

Section BPassage One26. What did Obcamp’s speech focus on?C) The art of
Japanese brush painting27. Why do Japanese listeners sometimes close
their eyes while listening to a speech?B) To enhance concentration.28.
What does the speaker try to explain?A) How listeners in different
cultures show respect.Passage Two29. What is Chris’s main responsibility
at Taxlong Company? B) Buying and maintain equipment.30. What problem
did Chris encounter in his Division?D)Two of his employees committed
theft.31. What does Chris hope for in the near future?B)Advancement to a
higher position.32 What do we learn about Kim from the passage?D) She is
competing with Chris for the new job.Passage Three33. Why are proverbs
so important?A)They help us see the important values of a culture.34.
According to the speaker what happens to some proverbs with the passage
of time?B) The values they reflect may change.35. What do we learn from
the study of proverbs from around the world?暂缺

  2. D. Outside an art gallery。

Section cCompound Dictation

  点评:推理决断题,从女人的“exhibition”与先生的“favorite
painter”中估算出。

Our lives are woven together. As much as I enjoy my own company, I no longer imagine I can get through
a single day much less all my life completely on my own. Even if I am on vacation in the mountains, I am eating food
someone else has grown, living in a house someone else has built,
wearing clothes someone else has sewn
from cloth woven by others, using electricity someone else is distributing to my
house. Evidence of interdependence is
everywhere; we are on this journey
together. As I was growing up, I remember being
carefully taught that independence not interdependence was
everything. “Make your own way”,” Stand on your own two feet” or
my mother’s favorite remark when I was face-to-face with consequences of
some action: Now that you’ve made your bed, lie on it. Total
independence is a dominant thing in our culture. I imagine that what my parents were trying to teach me
was to take responsibilities for my actions and my choices. But
the teaching was shaped by our cultural imagines. And instead, I grew up
believing that I was supposed to be totally independent and consequently
became very reluctant to ask for help. I would
do almost anything not to be a burden, and not require any help from
anybody.

  3. B. She does not quite agree with what the man said。

Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)Section A47 growth48
stable49 challenges50 certainly51 role52 combined53 significant54
included55 comprise56 solutionsSection BPassage One57. C encourage boys
to express their emotions freely58. A perform relatively better59. C It
fails to give boys the attention they need60. A teaching can be tailored
to suit the characteristics of boys61. C They have sharper visionPassage
Two62. C It makes all the hard work worthwhile.63. D Disputes over money
may ruin a relationship.64. A conflicts between couples tend to rise65.
D men and women view money in different ways.66. C discuss money matters
to maintain a healthy relationship.

  点评:推理判定题,从女生的评论和介绍中得以见到。

Part V
Cloze67.reveals68.staff69.while70.shortages71.surveyed72.private73.concerned74.recruit75.As76.for77.intensify78.technical79.priority80.subjects81.if82.rate83.particular84.highlighted85.workforce86.where

  evaluation n. 代表价值评估 ;an unfair evaluation 有失公正的评头论足;

67.reveals第黄金时代段建议话题,“据生机勃勃项最新侦察突显,今后的农奴主们登高履危他们雇不到切合必要的毕业生”,launch意思为“发起一场活动”,submit意为“提交,信守”,generate生成,reveal表露,揭示,呈现。这里依据段意,reveal最合适。68.staff基于句意,基本有一半的团协会机关报告考查者他们在用力追寻具备多少个地方技艺的人员。这里partners,audience,
officials显著不契合题意。69.while这里和后边早已陈述的实际构成并列,“同一时候,越来越多公司测度,接下去的四年她们都将会师对雇员四缺现象”,因而杀绝任何三项。选while。70.shortages由第二段句首struggling可判别,机构组织搜索那几个赏心悦目十分不易,那么这种人才明显是相当不够的,缺少的。absence是意味“缺席,不在”,无法描述相当不足,因而消逝。此题的另贰个要害是明确experience的词性,动词。71.surveyed第三段用一句话简要介绍经过工业联盟考察了七十多少个行当和团组织,首先撤消D和C,search是指搜查;细查某处以搜寻某一个人或某物,寻找;而survey是指考查某部分人的展现、意见等,相符题意。72.private基于上意气风发题的意味,考察在公私和私人部门中张开,前边一句的together暗暗表示and前边的那些空是和“公共的”对峙的,由此填private。73.concerned第四段描写了那个检察的具体情形。有八分之四人…,这里贫乏动词,confront日常和with连用,conform
适合,依照,confuse
使混乱,使纠葛,这里依照上下文的意味,雇主们都顾虑这种情况的发出,因而选concerned,
be concerned
忧虑的,压抑的,烦懑的。74.recruit本题考察词义分析,五分之意气风发的被考查者坦言他们大概顾不到相符照料天分的雇员,只有recruit相符题意。75.As基于句子结构判定,前半句是七个陪同状语,“随着…的深切拓宽,…必要更强”,并非法则状语或迁就状语。76.for这里侦察介词搭配。这里重申于描述推行进行的安插的目标,选for。77.intensify本题考查词义剖释。遵照前文,这种需要是不断增添的,intensify
加强,强化,变能够;dominate指在…中占主导地位,这里并不曾提交三个切实可行的节制,不符合句意。enforce
实施,实行;stretch
伸展。78.technical本题比较容易,归于送分题。前卖第二段意气风发度提议在多少个地点手艺欠缺,选项中显然独有technical切合文意。79.priority这里调查短语固定搭配。make…a
top priority
让…成为首要任务,当务之急。80.subjects这里激励青年学习科学有关的教程,从尾数第二段也可剖断。academy
高校,研讨院; procedure 步骤,程序,thought
思想,不符题意,清除。81.if这里考察考生对左右四个完全的语句的涉嫌的知道,主句中的would是三个虚拟语气的标志词,据此代入选项if,通读上下文,切合题意之后明显。82.rate词义剖释题。rate评定有些人、有些事物的价值;order
命令,整理;discuss 讨论,论述,observe
观察,据守。依照文意,雇主们认为A-levels中价值低于的科目是激情学和社会学,由此选rate。83.particular小说提出今后雇主们供给的是具备Stem四地方素质的英姿勃勃,因而不菲雇主们不赞成对某大器晚成奇特学科的专门的学问学位,而非typical标准的,general平日的,也许是主动的positive。84.highlighted词义分析题。依照最终一句,该研商“重申”
对…的缅想,
focus日常和on连用,别的两项意义不符。85.workforce词义分析题。“提升英帝国劳重力的基本本事”,masses
公众,faculty 全部教师,community
社区,团体;整篇小说都在批评就业和雇佣,鲜明选workforce。86.where检查评定定语关系副词。这么些定语从句完整,因而判别贫乏关系副词,首先解除A,B五个关系代词,再依据意思驱除why。

  4. C. Doris fixed up some of the book shelves。

Part VI Translation87. Charity groups organized various activities to
raise money for the sur红米rs of the earthquake.
(为地震幸存者筹款)本题考察动词raise的用法。raise money
表示“筹款”。同一时候考生要留意surNokiar 的拼写。88. Linda couldn’t have
received my e-mail (不容许接纳本身的电子邮件), otherwise, she could have
replied.本题考查混合型虚构语气。otherwise提示大家句子后半句是与过去实际相反,因而用could+have+过去分词。句子前半句是在陈诉生龙活虎种事实,从句子后半句could
have
+过去分词我们可以想见前边“未有接过本人的电子邮件”也是在发生在过去,且对以往发生了影响,因而这里用今天成功时,could
have +过去分词。89. It’s my mother who/that keeps encouraging me not to
lose heart (一向激励自身绝不气馁) when I have difficulties in my
study.本题考查了重申句型和动词encourage的衬映。①重申句型it’s … that/who…
②encourage sb. (not) to do sth. 激励某一个人做有些事。90. The publishing house
has to consider the popularity of this novel.
(思考那本小说的受接待程度)。本题考查了“思索”的表述,能够用动词consider,也足以用词组take…
into consideration。同时考生要留意名词popularity (受接待程度)
的拼写。91. It’s wrong to define happiness only by
money.(仅仅以金钱来定义幸福)本题考察了“定义”的发挥,为define。

  点评:推理判定题,从男人的“I got 多丽丝 to do some of
them。”猜度出答案。

  注意shelf 复数情势是shelves

  5. D. He has found a better position。

  点评:事实细节题,首要听男子的汇报 “I’ve been offered a much better
position with another firm”

  firm在那处表明为:公司,公司。

  6. A. They should finish the work as soon as possible。

  点评:推理判别题,从哥们的“But I think we should get it over with
this weekend”能够吸取。

  7. D. The furniture the man bought is inexpensive。

  点评:事实细节题,从男士的描述“dirt cheap”中得以吸收。

  dirt cheap 表示特别便利。furnish v. 表示安顿;安插 n. furniture
家具。

  8. B. The woman is waiting for a call。

  【总评】长对话的两篇随笔难度适中。这一次试验的7题统风姿潇洒在侦察同学们对于对话中有的细节的握住与单词词组的同等替换。在做题时,同学们假诺能够信守顺序原则实行标题标预读,对小说的内容举行预判,那么做题不会太劳苦。

  Conversation 1:

  9. A. She had a job interview to attend。

  点评:事实细节题。关键听取原著中“It’s just that she submitted a job
application yesterday and the company asked her in for an interview
today”。

  10. C. Submit her roommate’s assignment。

  点评:事实细节题加单词的平等替换。关键听取原来的文章中“I’m calling to see
whether it would be OK if I gave you her essay。”

必赢娱乐棋牌手机版,  11. A. Where Dr. Ellis’s office is located。

  点评:事实细节题。关键听取原著中“And Dr. Ellis, one more thing,
could you tell me where your office is?”

  Conversation 2:

  12. C. He can handle it quite well。

  点评:同义替换最早的小说内容“But it’s bearable now that I’ m used to
it”。be used to 代表为习于旧贯做某一件事。

  13. B. The 6:30 train。

  点评:细节题。入眼听取原著中“It was terrible at first, especially
getting up before dawn to catch that 6:30 train”

  14. C. The time on the train is enjoyable。

  点评:细节题加词性调换。注重听取原版的书文中“But now I quite enjoy it。”

  15. A. Reading newspapers。

  点评:细节与词义替换。珍视听取原著“In the morning, I just sit in
comfort and read the papers to catch up with the news。”

  16. D. Get key information by reading just once or twice。

  17. A. Choose one’s own system of marking。

  18. B. By reviewing only the marked parts。

  【点评】那篇短文首要陈述美利坚联邦合众国民代表大会学子为了成功艰苦的读书作业,需压实阅读功能。多个至关心重视要的上学本领就是在书上做标识。而正确行使标识方法也非常主要。标题设置并轻易,主要考察事实细节。考生只需抓住首要词如mark,main
ideas,important
details,捕捉听力中的序数词,找到相应的消息,就足以选出准确的答案。

  19. D. Everybody needs some sleep for survival。

  20. C. It is a rare exception。

  21. B. His mother’s injury just before his birth。

  【点评】那篇短文以睡眠为大旨,呈报了多少个不曾睡觉的人的故事。医务职员对她举行了考察,开掘确实如此。而他作者也意味着那可能是因为她出生前日阿妈受到损害的原原本本的经过。标题设置并简单,以考试事实细节为主。考生以Al
Herpin,docotors和sleeplessness为主要词,捕捉听力中的细节就能够选到正确答案。

  22. C. She developed a strong interest in finance。

  23. D. She inherited a big fortune from her father。

  24. A. She was extremely mean with her money。

  25. B. She built a hospital with her mother’s money。

  26. identical

  27. approach

  28. back and forth

  29. opposite

  30. indicates

  31. referring to

  32. parallel to

  33. reserved

  34. at a right angle

  35. embarrassing

  【点评】本文首要通过五个实例证实在差别的文化中朝气蓬勃致的手势恐怕包罗着不相同的情致,同期也提示我们确定要小心文化的要紧。文化现象是四级考试中的常考话题,平日练习中应该多积攒那地点的知识知识。那篇作品微微有一些难度,供给填写的单词或词组的一点空在拼写方面自然要小心,举例:identical,parallel,embarrassing等。十三个空中,多个定位词组或发布,两个动词,多个形容词,多个名词,未有生难单词,都是日常面世频率较高的单词或词组,不问可见,侦查词组的趋向在加码,考生在日常应多注意一定词组的积存,那样在考试的场面中能力弹无虚发。

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