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【必赢娱乐棋牌手机版】中国青年离开农村的意义,2013年12月英语四级听力短文1原文

  新浪教育[微博]讯
2013年12月14日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题,供考生参考,以下是沪江网校提供的英语四级听力短文1原文:

  But high education costs coincide with slower growth of the Chinese
economy and surging unemployment among recent college graduates. Whether
young people like Ms. Wu find jobs on graduation that allow them to earn
a living, much less support their parents, could test China’s ability to
maintain rapid economic growth and preserve political and social
stability in the years ahead。

  2013年12月大学英语四级考试

  Leaving the Village

  Part III Listening Comprehension

  The ancient village of Mu Zhu Ba is perched on a tree-covered crag
overlooking a steep-sided mountain gorge in southwestern Shaanxi
province, deep in China’s interior, 900 miles southwest of Beijing. The
few scarce acres of flat land next to a stream on the valley floor were
reserved until recently for garden-size plots of rice, corn and
vegetables。

  Listening Passage 1

  Villagers were subsistence farmers. Every adult and all but the
youngest children worked from dawn to dusk, planting, weeding,
hand-watering and harvesting rice, corn and vegetables to feed
themselves. They also built and maintained three-foot-wide terraces
where the sides of the valley began to curve upward before turning into
vertiginous, forested slopes that soared into the clouds。

  Donna Fredrick’s served with the Peace Corps for two years in
Brazil. She joined the Peace Corps after she graduated from the college
because she wanted to do something to help other people. She had been
brought up on a farm, so the Peace Corps assigned her to a agricultural
project. Before she went to Brazil, she studied Portuguese for three
months. She also learnt a great deal about its history and culture.
During her two years with the Peace Corps, Donna lived in a village in
northeast Brazil. That part of Brazil is very dry and farming is often
difficult there. Donna helped the people of the village to organise an
arrigation project, and she also advised them on planting corps. They
didn’t require much water. When Donna returned to the States, she
couldn’t settle down. She tried several jobs, but they seemed very
boring to her. She couldn’t get Brazil out of her mind. Finally, one day
she got on an plane and went back to Brazil. She wasn’t sure what she’s
going to do. She just wanted to be there. After a few weeks, Donna found
a job as an English teacher, teaching five classes a day. Like most of
the teachers, she doesn’t make much money. She shares a small apartment
with another teacher. And she makes a little extra money by sending
stories to newspapers in the States. Eventually she wants to quit
teaching and work as a full-time journalist。

  The relentless work left little opportunity for education. Mrs. Cao,
now 39, learned to read some Chinese characters at first- and
second-grade classes conducted in her village. But later grades were
taught at a school in a larger village at the other end of the valley, a
seven-mile walk away, and Mrs. Cao dropped out in third grade。

  Question 16

  Her husband, now 43, grew up in a similarly poor village on the
other side of the mountain and did not attend school at all。

  Why did Donna join the Peace Corps after she graduated from college?

  They married early, and Mrs. Cao had just turned 20 when she gave
birth to Ms. Wu. The couple earned just $25 a month. As their baby grew
into a toddler, they began worrying that she would inevitably drop out
of school early if she had to walk so far to classes every day. So like
hundreds of millions of other Chinese over the last two decades, they
decided to leave their ancestral village and their families。

  Question 17

  “All the parents in the village want their children to go to
college, because only knowledge changes your fate,” Mrs. Cao said。

  What was Donna assigned to do in Brazil?

  By the time Ms. Wu reached middle school, the crystalline mountain
air of Mu Zhu Ba was a dim memory. The family had moved to Hanjing, a
coal mining community on the plains of northern Shaanxi province, nearly
300 miles northeast of their ancestral village。

  Question 18

  A Coal Miner’s Daughter

  Why did Donna go back to Brazil once again?

  Mr. Wu built the family’s two-room brick house himself. They bought
their first small refrigerator, a coal stove and a used stereo, and a
bare light bulb for the living room and another for the bedroom。

  Question 19

  The house, on the town’s rural outskirts, was across a two-lane
paved road from a small coal mine where Mr. Wu learned to maneuver a
shoulder-carried, 45-pound electric drill in narrow spaces far under the
earth, working long shifts and coming home covered with coal dust. He
earned nearly $200 a month then, providing more money to educate their
daughter. In the family bedroom, where calendar posters of the actress
Zhang Ziyi had been plastered on the wall for extra insulation, Mrs. Cao
carefully kept all of her daughter’s school papers. Wu Caoying was in
seventh grade, but her village school was already teaching her geometry
and algebra at a level beyond most American seventh graders. She was
also studying geography, history and science, filling homework notebooks
with elegant penmanship。

  How did Donna make extra money to support herself?

  The problem was English, an increasingly important subject for
students who wanted to qualify for anything but the worst universities。

  更多四六级资讯,请关注@新浪每日英语推荐[微博]
直击2013年12月大学英语四六级改革后首考

  The village had an English teacher, and Ms. Wu started learning the
language in fourth grade. But then the teacher left, so she was not able
to study English during fifth and sixth grade。

  2013年12月英语四级考后难度调查

  Ms. Wu resumed English classes in the seventh grade, but her mother
was concerned and began hiring substitute teachers as English tutors for
her daughter。

  Mrs. Cao said that she was convinced that this would help her
daughter become the first in the family to attend college. “If we had
not come here, she would have needed to stay home, to help cook and cut
wood,” Mrs. Cao said。

  But their financial sacrifices were only beginning。

  For high school, Wu Caoying began attending a government-run
boarding school two miles from the family’s house. Many high schools in
China are boarding schools, an arrangement that allows local governments
to impose hefty fees on parents. Tuition was $165 a semester. Food was
$8 a week. Books, tutorials and exam fees were all extra。

  Boarding School

  Ms. Wu and seven other teenage girls had bunk beds in a cramped
dormitory room. She dressed better than the other girls, in a tight blue
coat her mother had just given her for Chinese New Year。

  She woke at 5:30 every morning to study, had breakfast at 7:30, then
attended classes from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30, 1:30 to 5:30 in the afternoon
and 7:30 to 10:30 in the evening. For entertainment, there were
occasional showings of patriotic movies. She studied part of the day on
Saturdays and Sundays. But she also joined a volunteer group that
visited the elderly — social work that might help on a college
application in the United States but not in China, where the national
entrance exam for universities is all-important。

  Mr. Wu no longer worked at the coal mine across the street, which
had been closed because of a combination of safety regulators’ concerns
and depletion of the coal seam. He had become a migrant once more,
taking a job 13 hours away by train at a coal mine in a northern desert.
Mr. Wu worked 10-hour shifts up to 30 consecutive days. Safety standards
were lower at the new mine, in an industry that kills thousands of
Chinese miners in industrial accidents each year and maims many more。

  The new job, however, allowed Mr. Wu to double his income, and he
brought back his pay every two months to his wife to pay for their
daughter’s education。

  Their main worry was their daughter’s academic performance; they
thought she did not study hard enough. “She likes to talk to boys,
although she doesn’t have a boyfriend,” Mrs. Cao said。

  Their daughter ranked 16th in her class of 40, respectable but not
good enough in their eyes. But they despaired of being able to help Ms.
Wu when she came home on weekends. “We just have an elementary school
education. We don’t really know what she’s studying,” Mrs. Cao
acknowledged。

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