Section C Dictation
The first copy right law in the United States was passed by congress
in 1790. In 1976, congress enacted the latest copy right law, taking
into consideration the technological developments that had occurred
since the passage of the copy right act of 1909. For example, in 1909
anyone who wanted to make a single copy of a literary work for personal
use had to do so by hand. The very process imposed a limitation on the
quantity of materials copied. Today, a photo copier can do the work in
seconds. The limitation has disappeared. The 1909 Law did not provide
full protection for films and sound recordings nor did it anticipate the
need to protect radio and television. As a result, violations of the law
and abuses of the intent of the law have lessened the financial rewards
of authors, artists and producers. The 1976 copy right act has not
prevented these abuses fully, but it has clarified the legal rights of
the injured parties and given them an avenue for remedy. Since 1976 the
act has been amended to include computer software and guidelines have
been adopted for fair use of television broadcasts. These changes have
cleared up much of the confusion and conflict that followed in the wake
of 1976 legislation. The fine points of the law are decided by the
courts and by acceptable common practice overtime. As these decisions
and agreements are made, we modify our behavior accordingly. For now, we
need to interpret the law and its guidelines as accurately as we can and
to act in a fair manner。
Listening Comprehension nutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 shortconversations and
2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one ormore
questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and
thequestions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be
a pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)，
B)， C) and D)， anddecide which is the best answer. Then mark the
corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the
M: Look atthese low prices at these fashionable TV sets. Something
is fishy, don’t you think so?
W: Well, there have been a lot of robberiesrecently. Some of the
stolen goods may have landed here。
Q: Whatdoes the woman imply about the low price television sets?
M: I’ve beenassigned to cover the governess speech today. What about
W: Nothing is grand as yours. I have to do an interview for the
evening newsabout a man
with dozens of cats。
Q: What do we learn about the speakers?
3. W: Didn’t I see you going into the administrationbuilding this
M: I needed to switch my computer class to the950 section。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
4. W: I guess you watch the quiz showon television last night.
What did you think about it?
M: Well, it’s great. The first four contestants won onlysmall
prizes, but the fifth left with a
new luxury car。
Q: What does the man say about the quiz show?
5. W: I can’t find the arrival time of the New York toBoston
Express on this schedule。
M: Look for New York in the left-hand column andfollow it across
until you find the hour
listed in the Boston column。
Q: What are the speakers most probably doing?
6. W: You look different today, but Ican’t quiteput my finger on
what it is。
M: Oh, yesterday I finally got around to thatnew barbershop in the
mall and enjoyed their
Q: What can be inferred about the man?
7. W: What do you think Picasso’s painting exhibited in the city
M: Personally I can’t quite see the meaning in his modern works.Most
of them remind me of
the stuff my nephew brings home from thekindergarten。
Q: What does the man mean?
8. W: Rod said he wanted to get involvedin student government this
M: But he hasn’t gone through a single meeting, has he?
Q: What does the man imply about Rod?
M：Good morning! Madam.Can I help you?
W: Oh, I do hope so. I have to get to Manchestertoday and my own car
has broken down. Do
you by any chance have a car available?
M：For how many days? Madam。
W: Three, just until the weekend。
M: And what sort of car did you have in mind?
W: Well. That depends a little bit on the price.But I normally drive
a Chevrolet. Do you have
anything like that?
M: Yes, Certainly. That’s group C which includes Chevrolet
W: How much are they?
M: Well, for three days, you would have to haveit under the
unlimited mileage conditions,
whichwill work out cheaper for Manchester anyway. Let’s see, Group
C, three to five
days hire with unlimited mileage is 53 poundsper day。
W: I see. Does that include everything?
M: It Includes third party insurance, but it’s not include
value-added tax, patrol or CDW。
M: CDW? Oh, that’s the cover you in case you damage the hire
car.Third party insurance only covers you for damage two another
vehicle. For GroupC cars is 6 pounds per day。
W: OK. I think I’ll have the Chevrolet。
M: All right. Could I have your driving licenseplease?
W: Certainly. Here we are。
M:So, it’s Ms. JB. Couty。
M:And the number is 509024bc9cs, expiring the1st,July,2015.And you
want to take it immediately?
W:Yes, I do ,please。
M: Lovely. Well you could just initial that boxthere for the CDW.
And that box there to confirm you have known drivingconvictions, thank
you, and then sign there. Great! That’s it!
Questions9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
Q9:Why doesthe woman want to hire a car?
Q10:What is the woman’s main consideration in hiring a car?
Q11:What does the daily charge included?
Inthis section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each
passage, youwill hear some questions. Both the passages and the
questions will be spokenonly once. After you hear a question, you must
choose the best answer from thefour choices marked A)， B)， C) and D ).
Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single
linethrough the centre。
In a study of older people with sisters andbrothers, psychologist
Debra Gold of the Duke Center for the study of aging andhuman
development found that about 20% said they were hostile or indifferent
toward their sisters and brothers. Reasons for this ranged from
inheritancedisputes to hostility between spouses. But, many of those who
had poorrelationships felt guilty. Although most people admitted to some
lingeringrivalry, it was rarely strong enough to end the relationship.
Only four out ofthe 54 people interviewed had completely broken with
their sisters and brothersand only one of the four felt comfortable with
the break. As sisters andbrothers advanced into old age, closeness
increases and rivalry diminishes,explains VC, a psychologist at Purdue
University. Most of the elderly people heinterviewed said they had
supportive and friendly dealings and got along wellor very well with
their sisters and brothers. Only 4% got along poorly. Goldfound that as
people age, they often become more involved with and interestedin their
sisters and brothers. 53% of those she interviewed said that contactwith
their sisters and brothers increase innate adulthood. With family
andcareer obligations reduced, many said that they had more time for
each other.Others said that they felted with time to heal wounds. A man
who had recentlyreconciled with his brother told Gold there’s something
that lets older people to put asidebad deeds of the past and focus a
little on what we need now, especially whenit’s sistersand brothers。
16. What does the study by Debra Gold find about older people?
17. What has probably caused closeness to increase among sisters and
brothersaccording to VC?
18. What did the man who had recently reconciled with his brother
tell DebraGold about older people?
Monarch butterflies, the large origin blackinsects, are common
summer sights in northern United States and Canada. Theybrighten in
parks and gardens as they fly among the flowers. What makes
monarchbutterflies particularly interesting is they migrate, all the way
to Californiaor Mexico in back. They are thought to be the only insect
that does this. Everyyear in the late summer, monarch begin their
migration to the south, thoseheading for Mexico go first for the
Louisiana Mississippi region. And then theyfly to go across Mexico into
Texas. Once in Mexico, they establish themselvesin one of about 15 sizes
in the mountain forth. Each side provides the winterhome for millions of
monarchs. The butterflies are so numerous that they oftencover the
entire trees. When spring comes, they began their long journey north.The
question is often asked whether every butterfly makes the round
tripjourney every year. And the answer is no. The average monarch lives
about ninemonth. So when fly the north, they might lay eggs in Louisiana
and die. Theeggs of that following generation may be found in Kentucky,
the eggs of nextgeneration may be in the Kang Michigan. The last
generation of the season aboutthe forth may make the journey back in
Mexico and restart the cycle. Scientistslearn about the monarch
butterflies’ migration by capturing and placing theidentifying tags in
the insects. By recapturing the attempt of the monarch andnoting where
they came from, the next scientist can figure out things likebutterfly’s
age andits routing
19. What is the unique about the monarch butterfly according to the
20. Where does the butterfly settle at the end of the migration?
21. What does the speaker say about the monarch butterflies’
22. What is the talk mainly about?
People nowadays seem to have the sense thattheir time has become
more limited. Compared with early generations we spendmore and more time
working and have less and less free time to engage inleisure pursues.
But this premise turns out to be an illusion. the mostcomprehensive data
from major Time Use Service suggests, if anything, Americanstoday have
more free time than the early generations. The number of hours wework
has not changed much, but we spend less time now on home tasks. So we
havea great amount of time for leisure than in decades past. so why do
we feel liketime so scare. One problem is that time becomes more
valuable and time becomesmore worth money. we feel like we have less of
it. workers who bill or get paidby the hour, think employer and
fast-food workers, report focusing more onpursuing more money than those
who get paid by salary and the fact has beenfast. In one experiment,
people were told to play the role of consultant andbill their time by
either nine dollars an hour or ninety dollars an hour. Whenpeople billed
their time by ninety dollars an hour they report feeling far morepriced
for time. Thinking about our time as money, changes are our behavior
aswell. in one study, people who were instructed to think about money
beforeentering a cafe spent less times chatting with the other patrons
and more timeworking. Those who are thinking their time did reverse
spending time socializinginstead of working。
23. What does the speaker say now people feel about time?
24. What do the data from time use service show?
25. What happen when we think our time about our as money?
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three
times.When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen
carefully forits general idea. When the passage is read for the second
time, you arerequired to fill in the blanks with the exact words you
have just heard.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
you should check what youhave written。
The first copy right law in the United Stateswas passed by congress
in 1790. In 1976, congress enacted the latest copy rightlaw, taking into
consideration the technological developments that had occurredsince the
passage of the copy right act of 1909. For example, in 1909 anyonewho
wanted to make a single copy of a literary work for personal use had to
doso by hand. The very process imposed a limitation on the quantity of
materials copied.Today, a photo copier can do the work in seconds. The
limitation hasdisappeared. The 1909 Law did not provide full protection
for films and soundrecordings nor did it anticipate the need to protect
radio and television. As aresult, violations of the law and abuses of
the intent of the law have lessenedthe financial rewards of authors,
artists and producers. The 1976 copy rightact has not prevented these
abuses fully, but it has clarified the legal rightsof the injured
parties and given them an avenue for remedy. Since 1976 the acthas been
amended to include computer software and guidelines have been adoptedfor
fair use of television broadcasts. These changes have cleared up much
ofthe confusion and conflict that followed in the wake of 1976
legislation. Thefine points of the law are decided by the courts and by
acceptable commonpractice overtime. As these decisions and agreements
are made, we modify ourbehavior accordingly. For now, we need to
interpret the law and its guidelinesas accurately as we can and to act
in a fair manner。