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四六级翻译部分冲刺备考必背十大段落

  1. In modern times, Asia experienced twists and turns in its
development. To change their destiny, the people of Asia have been
forging ahead in an indomitable spirit and with hard struggle. Asia’s
development achievements today are the result of the persistent efforts
of the industrious and talented Asian people. The people of Asia are
fully aware that there is no ready model or unchanging path of
development that is universally applicable. They never shy away from
reform and innovation. Instead, they are committed to exploring and
finding development paths that are in line with the trend of the times
and their own situations, and have opened up bright prospects for
economic and social development。

  2. China lies in the east of Asia and it has the largest population
in the world. China is also one of the four countries in the world that
have an ancient civilization. Besides, it has a vast territory with such
abundant natural resources as dense forests, magnificent waterfalls,
majestic and beautiful rivers and lakes, and mountains whose peaks reach
high into the sky like swords. All these make China a singularly
attractive place to tourists around the world. But, most importantly,
China boasts a history of over five thousand years with innumerable
historical relics left over from the long past, such as priceless pearls
and jewels, historic sites and scenic spots, palaces and edifices of
architectural richness, all of which have won people’s admiration. You
are sure to find great enjoyment from all these attractions in China, a
much-admired dreamland。

  3. The traditional Chinese culture, both extensive and profound,
starts far back and runs a long course. More than 2000 years ago, there
emerged in China Confucianism represented by Confucius and Mencius,
Taoism represented by Lao Zi and Zhuang Zi and other theories and
doctrines that figured prominently in the history of Chinese thought,
all being covered by the famous “the masters’ hundred schools”. The
traditional Chinese culture presents many precious ideas and qualities,
which are essentially populist and democratic. For example, they lay
stress on the importance of kindness and love in human relations, on the
interest of the community, on seeking harmony without uniformity and on
the idea that the world is for all. Especially, patriotism as embodied
in the saying “Everybody is responsible for the rise or fall of the
country”, the populist idea that “People are the foundation of the
country”, the code of conduct of “Treat others as you want to be
treated”. And the traditional virtues taught: endurance and hard
working, frugality in household management, and respecting teachers and
valuing education. All of them have played a great role in binding and
regulating the family, country and society。

  4. In China, “four treasures of the study” refers to “writing
brush”, “ink stick”, “paper” and “ink slab”, playing an important
role in passing on Chinese civilization. They not only have their value
of practical use, but also become the works of art for appreciation and
collection. There is large variety of these four treasures. Selecting of
materials and making process have become increasingly delicate and
perfect. Each dynasty of Chinese history saw famous craftsmen appear and
works produced, which is a profound process of cultural accumulation. In
contemporary times, “four treasures of the study” have been increasingly
rarely used for study or writing, but they are still playing an
irreplaceable role in the field of Chinese calligraphy, painting,
collection and in the activities of cultivating one’s mind。

  5. China is a time-honored multi-ethnics nation with a vast
territory and abundant resources, and every ethnic group has its unique
abundant dishes. Regional cuisines have taken shape after long-history
evolution under the influence of geographical environment, climate,
cultural tradition, folk customs and other factors. The most influential
and representative ones are Lu, Chuan, Yue, Min, Su, Zhe, Xiang and Hui
Cuisines, which are commonly known as “Eight Major Cuisines”. Dishes in
the “Eight Major Cuisines” in China are characterized by diversified
cooking skills, with each having its strong points。

  6. Known as China’s national opera, Peking Opera originated in the
late 18th century from the basis of some local operas in Anhui and Hubei
Provinces. Peking Opera is the most influential and representative of
all operas in China. It has won great popularity not only in China but
also throughout the world. Peking Opera is a harmonious combination of
many art forms. It is a synthesis of traditional music, dancing, poetry,
acrobatics and martial arts. It is famous for its exquisite costumes,
beautiful make-up or painted face, and established performing
conventions and rules. Each of the patterns and brilliant colors on the
painted face has a symbolic meaning: red suggests loyalty; blue suggests
cruelty; black suggests honesty。

  7. The Imperial Palace, also called the Forbidden City, was the
palace where the 24 emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties ruled China
for roughly 500 years. The Imperial Palace is located in the center of
Beijing, on the northern side of Tian’anmen Square, rectangular in
shape, 960 meters from north to south and 750 meters wide from east to
west, with an area of 72 hectares and a total floor space of 150000
square meters. It’s the world’s largest and most integral palace made of
wood in existence. The Forbidden City is divided into two parts: the
outer court and the inner court. The outer court was the place where the
emperors gave audience and handled state affairs, while the inner court
was the living quarters for the emperors and their families. In 1987,
the Imperial Palace was listed by the UNESCO as one of the World
Cultural Heritage sites。

  8. Along the Tea-horse Ancient Road lived more than 20 minorities.
Concentrations of beautiful and mysterious natural landscapes and
traditional cultures developed in various sites, including Dali old
city, Lijiang old city, Shangrila, Yarlung Zangbo River Grand Canyon,
and Potala Palace. The road features temples, rock paintings, post
houses, ancient bridges and plank roads. It is also home to many
national minorities and their dances and folk customs. Today, although
the traces of the ancient road are fading away, its cultural and
historic values remain。

  9. American people emphasize efficiency, competition and
originality, while Chinese people give priority to careful planning and
encourage close cooperation and altruistic dedication among team
members. In American schools, discussion is given top priority while
Chinese teachers like to lecture in class, and lots of them are obsessed
with examinations. They write consistent and standardized teaching
plans, and are happy with bringing up identical and standardized
talents. Central to American political, economic and social thought is
the concept of individual moral autonomy. Traditional Chinese
philosophical systems are based on Confucianism, which sings high
praises for communal harmony. Nowadays, the relation of China and
America become closer than ever. Chinese learn English, play bowling,
enjoy KFC, while Americans learn Chinese, exercise Kung Fu, love Peking
Duck。

  10. China’s urbanization will release the full potential of domestic
demand. Some economists point out that urbanization is a process that is
occurring in nearly every developing city in the country. It will lead
to better quality of life for many people and provide individuals with
more job opportunities. The construction of housing and city
infrastructure, including water and energy supplies, will be a focal
point of urban development as more people migrate to cities.
Urbanization means better access to educational and medical resources in
the city. However, it also predicts less use of personal vehicles and
more use of public transportation. The fast, free flow of goods and
services is a basic trait of an urbanized society. Expanding cities
require more retail outlets to serve customers。

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