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2018年6月英语四级听力参考答案及解析,雅思口语Part

  Conversation 2 转校生

values and the way they can change. Possessions that give people status. Do you think it is a healthy way of thinking?

111

  W: Good morning Mr。 Lee。 May I have a minute of ur time。

General attitude of young people towards old people in China. Do u think there’s an advantage of being old?

111

  M: Sure Catherine。 What can I do for u。

What is the most respectful job in ur country? Why?

I suppose that university professor is the most respectful job in my
country. Because in general, the requirements for this position include
a postdoc degree, or at least a doctor. And then overseas research
experience. These two requirements are very hard to achieve. And on the
other side, since professors are highly educated, their opinions are
usually persuasive. And most of them don’t misbehave. They think of the
country and people, not only themselves. That’s how they’ve gained fame
and prestige.

  W: I‘m quite anxious about transferring over to ur college。 I’m
afraid I won‘t fit in。

Did u ever do part-time job?

Yes, I’ve been a model for some journals, activities, phone companies
since I was graduated from high school. It cannot be my career because
my height limits the activities I can attend to a small range, even
though I love this kind of jobs very much.

  M: Don‘t worry Catherine。 It’s completely normal for u to be
nervous about transferring schools。 This happens to many transfer
students。

Should students be allowed to do part-time jobs?

Yes, definitely. If u r doomed to do something, u should do it as early
as possible. Especially in China, young people study in school not for
themselves, but for their parents and for the common value of the
society. They should have some independent thoughts, and doing a
part-time job could help them to find who they really are and what they
really want to do.

  W: Yes I know, but I‘m unger than most of the students in my
year。 And that worries me a lot。

Is it necessary to hold music courses at high schools?

For high school, I don’t think it’s necessary to keep a music course as
a compulsory course. On one hand, students are busy studying,
concentrating on improving academic records. After all, they need to
attend the university entry examination eventually. On the other hand,
the purpose of holding such a course is to help develop hobbies and to
help form positive personalities for young kids. When they get into high
school, they are almost adults. If they have already developed such an
interest, they can chose to take the music course as an optional one.

  M: Well u may be the only unger one in ur year but u know, we have
a lot of after-school activities u can join in。 And so, this way u‘ll
be able to meet new friends of different age groups。

What effects there will be if we let children or students learn an instrument?

refer to the piano one

  • build up positive personalities: confidence/ a gentle characteristic
  • develop a sense of rhythm
  • feel and think, love the world, love my life

  W: That‘s nice。 I love games and hobby groups。

Compare modern music with traditional music

On one hand, modern music has faster and stronger tempo. Like R and B,
rhythm and blues, it is faster tempo than blues, but still keeps the
good tunes and melody of blues. On the other hand, traditional music
focus more on the tunes than the lyrics. Even some of them don’t have
lyrics at all. When u close ur eyes, u can only feel and imagine how
upset, rigorous, peaceful, or joyful the composer was. But now, take
“where is the love” as an example. It a song of Black Eyed Peas. Its
lyrics is very thought-provoking and enlightening. So I think modern
music is more explicit. Every modern song expresses a topic.

  M: I‘m sure u do。 So u’ll be just fine。 Don‘t worry so much and
try to make the most of what we have on offer here。 Also, remember
that u can come to me anytime of the day if u need help。

What family activities are popular in ur city?

Beijing is a famous historical city, with a lots of ancient buildings
and meaningful sites. It is popular that parents take their children to
visit these places, telling them stories, cultivating their sense of
honour and responsibility to the city. Besides, those spots are usually
scenic and picturesque. So it’s also a way to relax. When I was very
young, my parents took me to three or four places every year. I miss
those old times.

  W: Thanks so much。 I definitely feel better now。 As a matter of
fact, I‘ve already contacted one of the girls who’d be living in the
same house as me and she seemed really nice。 I guess living on campus
I‘ll have a chance to have a closer circle of friends since we’ll be
living together。

Should parents punish their children physically?

No. That would make their children hate them. Especially for juveniles,
the heavier parents punish them, the worse they will act up. And for
adolescents, if their parents still hit them physically, they will
deviate farther from the way their parents set for them. I think the
best way to cultivate a child is to behave urself. Parents themselves,
how they treat others, how they deal with problems, their values, will
be silently learned and absorbed by their children. So personally I
think you should be the kind of person who u want ur children to be.
After all, parents are the best teachers.

  M: All students are very friendly with new arrivals。 Let me check
who would be living with u in ur flat。 OK。 There are Hannah, Kelly
and Bree。 Bree is also a new student here like u。 I‘m sure u two will
have more to share with each other。

What foods are most nutritious? What foods are not?

Fruits are the most nutritious foods, so are veggies. Like kiwi, fig,
almond, grapefruit, broccoli, cauliflower, asparagus, and so on. I took
one grapefruit when I had a bad cold. And I got recovered the next
morning. Isn’t it amazing? Grapefruit is very good for ur health. And
for the foods that are not nutritious, fish and chips is one of them.
This food is buttered, crumbled, grilled, and fried. It takes a lot oil,
very greasy. If I really want to eat fish and chips, I will use an air
frier.

  Q12。 Why does Katherine feel anxious?

Do u think Chinese foods are nutritious?

Sure, way more nutritious than western food. For example, how do u eat
lettuce? U only take two leaves or at most a quarter of it to do salad.
But us Chinese will use a whole bunch of lettuce to make a course.
Besides, the oil we use is made from veggies, and urs is make from
animal fat, which contains high cholesterol.

  Q13。 What does Mr。 Lee encourage Katherine to do?

In what way has the diet of the people in ur country been changing?

  Q14。 what does Mr。 Lee promise to do for Catherine?

  Q15。 What do we learn about Catherine’s schoolmate Bree?

  W:李先生早上好。我可以给你一点时间。
M:肯定凯瑟琳。我能为你做什么。 W:我很担心转入你的大学。恐怕我不适合。
M:别担心凯瑟琳。你转学很紧张是完全正常的。这发生在许多转学生身上。
W:是的,我知道,但我比我一年中的大多数学生都年轻。这让我很担心。
M:那么你可能是你一年中唯一年轻的一个,但是你知道,我们有很多你可以加入的课后活动。所以,这样你就可以结识不同年龄段的新朋友。
W:很好。我喜欢游戏和爱好团体。
M:我相信你会。所以你会很好。不要太担心,尽量充分利用我们在这里提供的信息。另外,请记住,如果您需要帮助,您可以在任何时候来找我。
W:非常感谢。我现在感觉好多了。事实上,我已经联系过和我一样住在同一栋房子里的女孩,她看起来真的很好。我想住在校园里,因为我们会一起生活,所以我会有机会结交更多的朋友。
M:所有的学生都对新来港定居人士非常友善。让我检查你的公寓里有谁和你住在一起。好。有Hannah,Kelly和Bree。布里也是一位像你这样的新生。我相信你们俩会有更多的分享对方。

  Q12。 为什么凯瑟琳感到焦虑?

  Q13。 李先生鼓励凯瑟琳做什么?

  Q14。 李先生答应为凯瑟琳做些什么?

  Q15。 我们对凯瑟琳的同学布瑞有什么了解?

  PSG 1

  Passage1 饥饿的影响

  Have you ever felt like you would do just about anything to satisfy
your hunger? A new study in mice may help to explain why hunger can
feel like such a powerful motivating force。 In the study, researchers
found that hunger outweighed other physical drives including fear,
thirst and social needs to determine which feeling won out。 The
researchers did a series of experiments。

  In one experiment。 The mice were both hungry and thirsty。 When
given the choice of either eating food or drinking water, the mice went
for the food the researchers found。 However, when the mice were
well-fed but thirsty they opted to drink according to the study。

  In the second experiment meant to pit the mice’s hunger against
their fear。 Hungry mice were placed in a cage that had certain Fox
centered areas and other places that smelled safer。 In other words,
not like an animal that could eat them but also had food。 It turned out
that when the mice were hungry they ventured into the unsafe areas for
food。 But when the mice were well-fed they stayed in areas of the cage
that were considered safe。 Hunger also outweighed the mice‘s social
needs, the researchers found。 Mice are usually social animals and
prefer to be in the company of other mice according to the study。 When
the mice were hungry they opted to leave the company of other mice to go
get food。

  Q16。 What is the researchers’ purpose in carrying out the Su‘s
experiments with mice?(标红的位置没听清)

  Q17。 In what circumstances do mice venture into unsafe areas?

  Q18。 What is said about mice at the end of the passage?

  你有没有想过你会为了满足饥饿感不择手段?一项对老鼠的新研究有助于解释为什么饥饿能让人感觉到这种强大的推动力。在这项研究中,研究人员发现饥饿对人的影响甚至超过了其他身体因素,包括恐惧、口渴和社会需求。为确定哪种感觉影响更胜一筹,研究人员做了一系列的实验。

  在实验中,研究者发现,当老鼠们又饿又渴时,它们在食物和水间会选择食物。然而,当小鼠很饱但口渴时,他们会选择喝水。

  第二个实验的目的是让老鼠们对饥饿感到恐惧。饥饿的老鼠被放置在一个笼子里,那里有狐狸集中的区域和其他气味更安全的地方。换句话说,那里让人感觉不会有其它生物吃掉它们,同时也有食物。结果,当老鼠饿了的时候,他们会冒险进入不安全的地方寻找食物。但是当给老鼠喂食时,它们会呆在被认为安全的笼子里。研究人员发现饥饿对老鼠的影响也超过了社会需求。根据这项研究,老鼠通常是群居动物,喜欢和其他老鼠在一起。当老鼠感到饥饿,他们会选择离开群体去寻找食物食物。

  Q16。 研究人员进行实验的目的是什么?(标红的位置没听清)

  Q17。 老鼠在什么情况下冒险进入不安全的地区?

  Q18。 关于通道末尾的老鼠说什么?

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